Trees of Indian River Park

Whether you go to Indian River Park for an adventure or to relax, the park offers miles of trails for you to enjoy.   A new nature trail has been opened in the park, starting from the parking area located at Rokeby Ave. and Main St., located south of Military Highway.   
As you walk along this nature trail, you will discover a century old forest conserving a variety of native trees, shrubs, and plants.  The forest is home to many different kinds of fish, insects, amphibians, birds and mammals.  It provides them with food, shelter, and pathways to migrate from one area to another.  
Wildlife Sightings                    Park Info

Trees marked along Nature Trail in Indian River Park

1.               Ironwood (Carpinus caroliniana)
- Smooth, fluted trunk, very hard wood

2.                   Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
- Larva food for Zebra swallowtail butterflies

3.              Sweetleaf  (Symplocos tinctora)
- Has cluster of creamy yellow flowers in early spring

4.               Shagbark Hickory (Carya Ovata)
5.               Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboretum)
- Flowers attract bees and butterflies

6.                  Tulip Poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera)
- Attracts hummingbirds, birds, and squirrels, host plant for swallowtail butterflies

7.                   Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida)
- Flowers best when in light shade

8.              Allegheny Chinkapin  (Castanea pumila)
- Native Americans used infusion of leaves to relieve headaches and fevers

9.                   Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua)
- Known for its spiny “gum ball” fruit

10.               Swamp Chestnut Oak (Quercus michauxii)
- Larval food for duskywing butterfly

11.                   Red Maple (Acer rubrum)
- Naturally occurs in low wet sites

22.               Sassafras (Sassafras albidum )
- Known for tea made from its root bark

13.               White Oak (Quercus alba)
- Grows up to 100’ tall; known for strong, close grained wood

14.               Sand Hickory (Carya pallida)
- Prefers sandy, upland soils

15.               Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
- Native Americans and early settlers used extract from plant to treat inflammations

16.                  American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)
- Slow growing giant, can reach 80’ in height

17.                  Sweetbay Magnolia  (Magnolia virginiana)
- Fruit attracts birds, larval food for swallowtail butterflies

18.              Bald Cypress  (Taxodium distichum)
- Develops knees at base when grown in or near water

19.               Blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica)
- Fruit attracts birds, honey plant for bees

20.               Atlantic Whitecedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)
- Actually a Cypress tree, not a Cedar

21.               Sweet Pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia)
- Flagrant spires of white flowers in summer

22.              American Elm  (Ulmus Americana)
- Grows in rich,  moist bottomlands

23.                   Devil’s Walkingstick (Aralia spinosa)
- Fruit attracts birds, flowers attract bees and butterflies

Other Native Trees in Indian River Park not marked on the trail

·         Loblolly Pine  (Pinus taeda)
- Most rapidly growing pine

·          Water Oak  (Quercus Nigra)
- Large shade tree

·         Cherrybark Oak (Quercus pagoda)
- Bark resembles Black Cherry tree, hence the name

·         Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra)
- Grows more rapidly than some other oaks

·         Black Oak (Quercus velutina)
- Grows to 80’ tall

·         Southern Red Oak (Quercus falcate)
- Can be confused with Cherrybark Oak

·        Winged Sumac (Rhus capallina)
- Easy to identify by the “wings” on the leaf stem between leaflets

·         Swamp Bay (Persea palustris)
- Medium sized evergreen

·        Sycamore (Plantanus occidentalis)
- Grows along flood plains and can develop massive trunks with mottled bark

·         Red Mulberry (Morus rubra)
- Grows in rich bottomlands; popular edible berries

·         Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora)
- Naturally occurs south of Virginia, naturalized in Tidewater region

·        Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
- Threatened by Emerald Ash Borer

·         Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)
- Commonly found in bottomlands, tasty nuts

·          Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)
- Large globular, orange fruit, sweet and juicy when fully ripe

·         Mockernut Hickory (Carya tomentosa)
- Nuts used by a wide variety of wildlife

·         Hazel Alder  (Alnus serrulata)
- Shrub or small tree

·         Eastern Redcedar (Juniperus virginiana)
- Good dependable tree, attracts birds

 ·          Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)
- Reddish black berries attract birds in summer

 ·          Virginia Willow (Itea Virginica)
- Found on streambanks and wet pine barrens

 ·         Americian Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)
- Flowers are followed by a purple-black drupe in late summer to fall

 ·          Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea)
- Typically grows 15 to 25 feet tall but can reach heights of 40 feet

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